The following exemptions to the rule apply:
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Housing constructed prior to 1978, except housing for the elderly or persons with disabilities (unless a child under age 6 years resides in or is expected to reside in such housing) and 0-bedroom dwellings.
Day care, pre-school, kindergarten classroom, or other facility in a building constructed prior to 1978 that is visited regularly by the same child under age 6, on at least two different days within any week, provided that each day's visit lasts at least 3 hours and the combined weekly visits last at least 6 hours, and the combined annual visits last at least 60 hours.
Any work performed for pay, including painting and remodeling, that results in the disturbance of painted surfaces in pre-1978 homes and child-occupied facilities.
An individual renovator must complete a renovator training course accredited by Enviromental Protection Agency (EPA) or a state program and obtain a renovator certification from EPA or a state program.
A renovation firm must be certified and employ at least one trained, certified renovator, who must provide uncertified workers with on-the-job training on job-specific work practices.
As of April 22, 2010, all renovation work in target housing must be conducted by certified firms, certified renovators, and workers who have had on the job training regarding job-specific work practices. States may adopt the rules with different timeframes.
Additional limits include:
The Environmental Protection Agency will delegate the renovation program to any state or tribe that seeks authorization to administer it and demonstrates that its program will be at least as protective as the Environmental Protection Agency’s. States have the option to make the rule more protective than the Environmental Protection Agency. New Hampshire and 38 other states have accepted delegation of Environmental Protection Agency’s rules for lead abatement.